Club Management Issues in Australia and North America

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The first inter-state ice hockey championship was held between a state representative team from Victoria and from New South Wales. This tournament was a best-of-3 format and saw Victoria win the series 2 games to 1. Goodall Cup to the interstate series, the Victoria state team won the inaugural tournament to become the first Goodall Cup Champions, with Robert Jackson as the captain, who scored 3 goals in the second half of the final game. The Goodall Cup is the oldest ice hockey trophy outside of North America. In , the Great Britain rugby league team went on their first tour of Australasia and defeated Australia to win the Ashes.

Women represented Australia for the first time at the Olympics in Les Darcy began his boxing career in , with some of his later fights taking place at Sydney Stadium. The following year, an American promoter encouraged Darcy to go to the United States at a time when Australia was actively recruiting young men for the armed services.

Controversy resulted and Darcy died at the age of 21 in the United States.

HASS | The Australian Curriculum

When his body was returned to Australia, , people attended his Sydney funeral. An example of this, the VFL season was contested by only four clubs. Patriotism ran so strongly that St Kilda changed their club colours because their traditional red, white and black colours were the same as the German Empire.

In , a committee in Australia investigated the benefits of physical education for girls. They came up with several recommendations regarding what sports were and were not appropriate for gals to play based on the level of fitness required.

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It was determined that for some individual girls that for medical reasons, the girls should probably not be allowed to participate in tennis, netball, lacrosse, golf, hockey, and cricket. Football was completely medically inappropriate for girls to play. It was medically appropriate for all girls to be able to participate in, so long as they were not done in an overly competitive manner, swimming, rowing, cycling and horseback riding. The first inter-state women's ice hockey championship tournament was held in the first week in August between New South Wales and Victoria , New South Wales won the first game of the series They were awarded the Gower Cup.

In the Australian Rugby League Board of Control, later to be known as the Australian Rugby League , was formed to administer the national team the Kangaroos , and later as the national governing body for the sport of Rugby League. In the team also adopted the national colours of green and gold for the first time, having previously used blue and maroon, making the Kangaroos the third national sporting body to do so after cricket from and the Australian Olympic team from In , the tennis Australasian Championships were renamed as the Australian Championships , and was held at Kooyong Stadium Melbourne.

During the s, the playing of sport on Sunday was banned in most country outside South Australia. The Bodyline cricket series between Australia and England took place in — The English side were very determined to win, using physical intimidation against Australia to ensure it. Foster in England ahead of the series to defeat Australian batter Donald Bradman. Going into the start of the series, Bill Voce told the media "If we don't beat you, we'll knock your bloody heads off.

Following a successful Australian racing career, the race horse Phar Lap went to the United States where he died. There were many conspiracy theories at the time and later that suggested people in the United States poisoned the horse to prevent him from winning.

Australian women's sports had an advantage over many other women's sport organisations around the world in the period after World War II. Women's sport organisations had largely remained intact and were holding competitions during the war period. This structure survived in the post war period. Women's sport were not hurt because of food rationing, petrol rationing, population disbursement, and other issues facing post-war Europe. Rani won line honours from a fleet of 9 yachts in a time of 6 days, 14 hours and 22 minutes. Australia won the Davis cup 8 times in the s; , , , , , , and It was Australia's most successful decade at the Davis Cup.

Australia finished third on the medal tally, with 35 medals, 13 gold. Between and the St. Australia first entered an ice hockey team in the Winter Olympics held in Squaw Valley.

By the s, Australia had an international identity as a sport obsessed country, an identity which was embraced inside the country. This was so well known that in a edition of Sports Illustrated , Australia was named the most sports obsessed country in the world. He also holds the record for the most number of singles titles won — between and he won titles. The Australian Open was the first held under the name Australian Open.

Starting in the early s, Australian sport underwent a paradigm shift with sponsorship becoming one of the fundamental drivers of earnings for Australian sport on amateur and professional levels. By the mids, the need for the ability to acquire sponsorship dollars in sport was so great that job applicants for sport administrator positions were expected to be able to demonstrate an ability to get it.

During the s, Australia was being routinely defeated in major international competitions as Eastern Bloc countries enjoyed strong government support for sport. The Liberal governments at the time were opposed to similar intervention in Australia's sporting system as they felt it would be government intrusion into an important component of Australian life. The Australian squad included Harry Williams , the first Australian Aboriginal to play for the national soccer team.

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In Australian rules football interstate matches adopted State of Origin selection rules, which meant players played in state matches for their state of origin. Section for interstate matches since had previously been based on state of residency. In , the National Basketball League was introduced.

The regional football code divide in Australia was still present in the s, with rugby league being the dominant code in Queensland and New South Wales while Australian rules football dominated in the rest of the country. When codes went outside of their traditional geographic home, they had little success in gaining new fans and participants.

In , the annual three match interstate rugby league series between New South Wales and Queensland adopted for the final match 'State of Origin' selection rules. Selection for interstate matches since had previously been based on state of residency. In Origin selection rules were adopted for all interstate matches, beginning the annual rugby league State of Origin series.

Made in Australia - Boardriders Clubs - Chapter 3

In the lead up to and during the Commonwealth Games , the police were called upon to stop protests by Aboriginal land rights activists who staged protests timed with the event to politicise the event. Australia had competitors in the America's Cup yacht race for a number of years. Going into the race, the Australian media was not that interested in the race as they expected a similar result and in the media lead up to the event, made it out to be a race for rich people.

This lack of interest continued throughout the early races. Near the end, when Australia finally appeared poised to win it, millions of Australians turned on their television to watch the Australia II win the competition. During the s, Australian soccer players began to start playing regularly in overseas professional leagues, with the most successful player of the decade being Craig Johnston who scored a goal in the F.

Cup Final for Liverpool. During the s, the federal government created a number of sport programs including Aussie Sports and Active Australia. The Australia women's national field hockey team began their run as one of the top teams in the world in , a place they would hold until In , the Victorian Football League decided to rebrand themselves as a national league and renamed the league the Australian Football League.

The major impact on Australian sport in the s was the effect of media rights, and in particular pay television on sport funding. It also saw a draw down in funding from tobacco sponsorships. During the s, soccer in Australia faced a challenge in attracting youth players because of the ethnic nature of the sport at the highest levels of national competition. The sport's governing body made an effort to make the game less ethnically oriented.

At the same time, rival football codes were intentionally trying to bring in ethnic participants to expand their youth playing base. Doping became a concern during the s and more active steps were taken to combat in Australia in the early s. In , the Australian Sports Drug Agency Act was passed and took control of doping test away from the Australian Sport Commission and put it into the hands of an independent doping control agency as of 17 February Rugby League in the 90s was dominated by structural problems resulting in the Super League war.

Following the success of interstate expansion clubs and the financial struggles of Sydney clubs in the 80s, the Bradley Report in outlined a reduction of Sydney clubs and restructure of the game as a 14 club "Super League", similar to the reforms in AFL. Due to funding pressures, the NRL cut a number of clubs from the competition and tried to address the underlying problems of the code.

In , the National Basketball League announced that it was switched from winter to summer season for —99 season. Australia finished fourth on the medal tally with 58 medals, 26 of them gold. In a moment of national pride, Cathy Freeman won the metre final at the games. Freeman's success at the Summer Olympics made her an unofficial spokesperson for Aboriginal sport in the country. National organisational problems were mirrored on the state level at the time of the take over. The Australian Sports Commission delivered back a report that recommended 53 changes to be made in four key areas.

One suggestion involved separating the management of the national governing body from that of the national league. Wild Oats XI set a record by winning line honours in the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race four years in a row, from , , and She also won the treble in and In , Melbourne hosted the Commonwealth Games. In , the rugby league club Melbourne Storm were found to have been systematically breaching the NRL salary cap rules over five years. In , the Australian Rugby League Commission was formed, bringing to an end the involvement of News Limited in the administration of Rugby League and the media companies conflict of interests in the sport, finally concluding the fall out from the Super League war in the 90s.

From until , the Australian thoroughbred mare Black Caviar was undefeated in 25 races, a record not equalled in over years.