The franchise also contains three video games: Enter the Matrix , which contains footage shot specifically for the game and chronicles events taking place before and during The Matrix Reloaded ;  The Matrix Online , an MMORPG which continued the story beyond The Matrix Revolutions ;   and The Matrix: Path of Neo , which focuses on Neo's journey through the trilogy of films.
The franchise also includes The Matrix Comics , a series of comics and short stories set in the world of The Matrix , written and illustrated by figures from the comics industry.
Most of the comics were originally presented for free on the official Matrix website;  they were later republished, along with some new material, in two printed trade paperback volumes, called The Matrix Comics, Vol 1 and Vol 2. In March , Warner Bros. Jordan attached to star. According to The Hollywood Reporter neither the Wachowskis nor Joel Silver were involved with the endeavor, although the studio would like to get at minimum the blessing of the Wachowskis.
The Matrix was released on Laserdisc in its original aspect ratio of 2. It was also released on VHS in both fullscreen and widescreen formats followed on December 7 , The Matrix draws from and alludes to numerous cinematic and literary works, and concepts from mythology, religion and philosophy, including the ideas of Buddhism , Christianity , Gnosticism , Hinduism , and Judaism.
The pods in which the machines keep humans have been compared to images in Metropolis , and the work of M. As in the film, the Matrix of that series introduced in the serial The Deadly Assassin is a massive computer system which one enters using a device connecting to the head, allowing users to see representations of the real world and change its laws of physics; but if killed there, they will die in reality.
The fight scenes in Fist of Legend led to the hiring of Yuen as fight choreographer. The Wachowskis' approach to action scenes drew upon their admiration for Japanese animation such as Ninja Scroll and Akira. G , which produced Ghost in the Shell , noted that the anime's high-quality visuals were a strong source of inspiration for the Wachowskis. He also commented, " I'd imagine that The Matrix is the kind of film that was very difficult to draw up a written proposal for to take to film studios".
He stated that since Ghost in the Shell had gained recognition in America, the Wachowskis used it as a "promotional tool". In The Matrix , a copy of Jean Baudrillard 's philosophical work Simulacra and Simulation , which was published in French in , is visible on-screen as "the book used to conceal disks",   and Morpheus quotes the phrase "desert of the real" from it.
The Matrix belongs to the cyberpunk genre of science fiction, and draws from earlier works in the genre such as the novel Neuromancer by William Gibson. Davies had already used the term "Matrix" fifteen years earlier for a similar concept in his novel The White Room "It had been tried in the States some years earlier, but their 'matrix' as they called it hadn't been strong enough to hold the fictional character in place". Dick , particularly Dick's speculative Exegesis. Dick's conference, in which he stated: "We are living in a computer-programmed reality, and the only clue we have to it is when some variable is changed, and some alteration in our reality occurs".
It has been suggested by philosopher William Irwin that the idea of the "Matrix" — a generated reality invented by malicious machines — is an allusion to Descartes ' " First Meditation ", and his idea of an evil demon.
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The Meditation hypothesizes that the perceived world might be a comprehensive illusion created to deceive us. The allegory is related to Plato's theory of Forms , which holds that the true essence of an object is not what we perceive with our senses, but rather its quality, and that most people perceive only the shadow of the object and are thus limited to false perception.
The philosophy of Immanuel Kant has also been claimed as another influence on the film, and in particular how individuals within the Matrix interact with one another and with the system. Kant states in his Critique of Pure Reason that people come to know and explore our world through synthetic means language, etc.
This means people are their own agents of deceit, and so in order for them to know truth, they must choose to openly pursue truth. This idea can be examined in Agent Smith's monologue about the first version of the Matrix, which was designed as a human utopia , a perfect world without suffering and with total happiness. Agent Smith explains that, "it was a disaster. No one accepted the program. Entire crops [of people] were lost. The world in was far from a utopia, but still humans accepted this over the suffering-less utopia. According to William Irwin this is Kantian, because the machines wished to impose a perfect world on humans in an attempt to keep people content, so that they would remain completely submissive to the machines, both consciously and subconsciously, but humans were not easy to make content.
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Andrew Godoski sees allusions to Christ , including Neo's "virgin birth", his doubt in himself, the prophecy of his coming, along with many other Christian references. What if you weren't able to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference from the real world and the dream world? After the release of The Matrix , both the Wachowskis came out as transgender women, and some have seen trans themes in the film. The Matrix had a strong effect on action filmmaking in Hollywood.
The film's incorporation of wire fu techniques, including the involvement of fight choreographer Yuen Woo-ping and other personnel with a background in Hong Kong action cinema , affected the approaches to fight scenes taken by subsequent Hollywood action films,  moving them towards more Eastern approaches. Following The Matrix , films made abundant use of slow-motion, spinning cameras, and, often, the bullet time effect of a character freezing or slowing down and the camera dollying around them.
Carrie-Anne Moss asserted that prior to being cast in The Matrix , she had "no career". It launched Moss into international recognition and transformed her career; in a New York Daily News interview, she stated, " The Matrix gave me so many opportunities. Everything I've done since then has been because of that experience. It gave me so much". In , the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, and aesthetically significant.
List of time travel works of fiction
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the film. For the franchise it initiated, see The Matrix franchise. For other uses, see Matrix disambiguation. Theatrical release poster.
Warner Bros. United States Roadshow Entertainment Australia. United States  Australia . See also: List of minor characters in the Matrix series. See also: Matrix digital rain.
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Play media. Main article: List of accolades received by the Matrix franchise. Main article: The Matrix franchise. The Matrix is arguably the ultimate cyberpunk artifact. British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved May 12, Retrieved March 21, Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 24, Retrieved August 13, November 6, Interview with the Wachowski Brothers.
Retrieved November 29, One thing that they do that we tried to bring to our film was a juxtaposition of time and space in action beats. London: Guardian Media Group. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 23, CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 11, News Corporation.kylemcmakin.com/wp-content/dating-marine/hydek-dating-personality.php
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Retrieved January 29, Entertainment Weekly. Time Warner. Archived from the original on May 8, Retrieved May 7, Los Angeles Times.
Retrieved December 21, United States: Warner Bros. Honestly, I didn't think they could do it, it was too ambitious. I saw Bound and I loved it. The Matrix is exactly what they pitched, but they were designing those cameras to get those freeze-frames, and I was like, "If that doesn't work, the movie looks ridiculous. That's probably the only one that I turned down that I shouldn't have, but when you see somebody do it like Keanu you think, "Thank God.